The result in California was especially difficult since it reversed the May state Supreme Court decision to grant gays and lesbians full marital rights. And sincefive nations — the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Canada and South Africa — have legalized gay marriage.
Federal protections conferred by marriage include 1, laws and policies, such as Social Security, family medical leave, federal taxation and immigration policy. Research Areas U. In the days and weeks following same sex marriage debate pdf in Meekatharra Massachusetts decision, some cities and localities — including San Same sex marriage debate pdf in Meekatharra Portland, Ore.
Bush, who narrowly won the state, opposed gay marriage and supported a federal constitutional amendment banning it.
Beginning in the late s, Alaska, Nebraska and Nevada amended their state constitutions to prohibit same-sex marriage. John Lynch D signed a law in May approving civil unions. Congress passed, and President Bill Clinton signed, a federal DOMA that defines marriage for purposes of federal law as the union between a man and a woman.
Since , three Northeastern states — Connecticut, New Hampshire and New Jersey — have joined Vermont and passed laws authorizing civil unions. In other more socially liberal states, the cause for same-sex marriage has fared somewhat better. In a third category, Hawaii and Maine have registries that convey only a handful of benefits, including hospital visitation rights and inheritance without a will.
Arnold Schwarzenegger, who said that the issue was best left to the judiciary.